mining the unity of the anti-Hitler Coalition. It refused to recognise that
the basic national interests of Poland demand friendship and collaboration
with the Soviet Union. It refused a policy of rapprochement with the
U.S.S.R., a policy which was., and is, dictated by the Polish people's vital
In connection with the transformation of the £ Lublin Committee 3 into
the 4 Provisional Government of the Polish Republic/ the Polish Govern-
ment in London issued the following statement:ó
" In the parts of Poland cleared from German occupation there exists
neither freedom of speech nor of assembly. The Press, the radio> and all
officially-recognised political and social organisations are only instruments
of the * Committee of National Liberation in Lublin.3
" On the other hand, the civil authorities of the Underground Polish
Republic and the Polish Underground Army, which for more than five
years carried on the struggle against the German invader, has been dissolved
in the area of the activities of the Committee. Civil servants, officers and
soldiers are arrested, disarmed and deported, often with their families.
" Under the existing conditions, the Polish nation has no means of ex-
pressing its will and manifesting its disapproval of this new act of lawless-
ness on the part of the e Lublin Committee ' which has now proclaimed
itself as a Provisional Polish Government.
" The administration of the territories cleared from German occupation
is in the hands of a party which never played an important part in Polish
political lifeónamely, the Polish Workers5 Party (Polska Partj a Robotnicza),
acting under various names. This Party was formed by the Comintern as
late as the winter of 1941-42, to replace the Polish Communist Party, which
the same Comintern dissolved in 1937.
"At the beginning of 1944, this Party created the so-called ' National
Home Council * composed of thirty members, the names of which were
never published. In July of the same year this anonymous body appro-
priated to itself the powers of a Parliament and appointed an executive organ
called the ' Polish Committee of National Liberation.' The names of the
men who compose this Committee were unknown to the majority of Poles.
" The administration of Polish territories by the Committee came into
being only as a result of the military situation. By taking advantage of this,
and by cancelling ail democratic liberties, the Lublin Committee are intro-
ducing a system of police administration^ together with legal standards and
educational principles totally alien to the traditions of Poland and of Western
Europe . . .
"All the leaders and prominent politicians who have remained in the
country, continue to direct the struggle against the Germans, as the Home
Cabinet of Ministers and the Council of National Unity composed of the
representatives of all principal Polish political parties. They did not aban-
don their posts after the superhuman effort of the people of Warsaw, whose
struggle lasted over two months. They continue to fulfil their duties in
closest contact with the Polish Government.
" The Polish Government protest emphatically against this attempt
against the sovereign rights of the Polish nation made by the Lublin Com-
mitteej who have illegally assumed the title of Provisional Government.
The Polish nation will never recognise any authority or any totalitarian
forms imposed on Polish national territory, and will not cease to stand for
the genuine independence of Poland."